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14 Apr 2021

Viceroy Agreement With Nizam

Author: admin | Filed under: Uncategorized

When Asaf Jah I died in 1748, there was political unrest due to quarrels over the throne among his sons, supported by opportunistic neighbouring states and colonial foreign forces. In 1769, the city of Hyderabad became the official capital of Nizam. Nasir-ud-dawlah, Asaf Jah IV signed the affiliate alliance with the British in 1799 and lost control of the state`s defence and foreign policy. Hyderabad State has become a princely state among the presidencies and provinces of British India. Altogether seven Nizam ruled Hyderabad. (There was a period of 13 years after the reign of Asaf Jah I, when three of his sons (Nasir Jung, Muzaffar Jung and Salabath Jung) ruled. They have not been officially recognized as sovereign. In 1798, when he first addressed the weakest of the three indigenous contracting powers, the Nizam of Hyderabad, Wellesley achieved a diplomatic success that made a potential rival a servile ally. The French battalions of Hyderabad were dissolved and the Nizams contractually committed not to take a European at its service without the agreement of the British – a clause inserted in any major engagement with the local powers. After a momentary concert with Hyder Ali, the ruler of the Principality of Mysore (now Karnataka), in 1767, Nizam accepted British rule in Hyderabad through the Treaty of Masulipatam (1768).

From 1778, a British resident and an annex force were installed in his dominances. In 1795, Nizam Khan lost some of his own territories, including parts of Berar, to the marates. When he turned to the French, the British increased their subsidiary force stationed in his domain. The territorial gains of Nizam as an ally of the British against Tippu Sultan in 1792 and 1799 were ceded to the British to cover the costs of this force. All power has been entrusted to Nizam. He governed with the help of an executive council or a cabinet established in 1893, whose members he could freely appoint and dismiss. The Nizam government has heavily recruited in northern Hindu Kayastha caste for administrative posts. [55] There was also an assembly whose role was primarily advisory. More than half of its members were appointed by the Nizam and the rest was chosen from a carefully limited franchise. There were representatives of Hindus, Parsis, Christians and depressed classes in the congregation. However, their influence was limited because of their small number. [56] [57] Hyderabad, the largest spring state at the time of India`s independence, was captured in a confused net, partly by its own means.

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